Social Development – 394 principles

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Laws or Principles of Social Development
(Definitions and Concise Expressions)

1. Social Evolution

  • Social evolution is subconscious in the collective.
    – Collective is subconscious, the individual is conscious.
    – Subconscious collective, conscious individual.

2. All achievements in the society are collective, not individual.

  • Only the collective achieves.

3. The collective achieves, the individual expresses it on its behalf.

  • Achievement is collective, expression is individual.

4. The subconscious achievement becoming conscious accomplishment is through the individual pioneer.

  • The pioneering individual makes the subconscious conscious.

5. In a mature society, the pioneer becomes a leader whereas in an immature society he becomes a rebel.

  • Maturity creates the leader, immaturity the rebel.

6. Society destroys a leader if he appears too soon.

  • Premature appearance is certain destruction.

7. The collective appreciates its own perfection in the individual, not his.

  • The collective concedes no individuality.
    – The non-individual collective creates to crush — creation for opposition crush or adore, don’t co-operate.

8. Collective social knowledge moves from experience to comprehension.

  • Experience first, comprehension next.

9. Knowledge of experience is unconscious knowledge of the physical.

  • Experience is unconscious knowledge.
  • Experience is physical, knowledge mental.

10. Social development can be unconscious from the physical experience or conscious from the mental knowledge.

  • Unconscious ascent, conscious descent.

11. Evolution of society has its earlier statuses of development, growth and survival.

  • Survival, growth, development and evolution.

12. The laws of change in each phase are the same in essence. The only change is change required for operating in each plane.

  • Laws are essential, operation is variable.

13. Even the laws of death, decay, destruction and disappearance are the same but work in the reverse direction.

  • A law is true even when reversed.

14. These laws are the same for the individual, organisation and the social collectivity.

  • The individual, organisation and society differ in expression, not in essence. Law is the essence, expressions vary.
    Essential law is the same, expressions are many.

15. Society is its own determinant and is under no obligation to any exterior force in its evolution.

  • Social determination is self-determination.

16. Geographical environment, climate, historical past, natural resources appear to be the determinants in the beginning. Ultimately society discovers that it is its own determinant.

  • There is only one determinism, the inner determinism.

17. At that point of transition from external determinism to self-determination, social evolution passes from unconscious to conscious status.

  • Transition from the outer to the inner is from unconscious to conscious.

18. Social evolution begins not at the conscious or even the inconscient part but at the subconscious because society has its base in the subconscious.

  • Subconscious is the social base (neither the conscious nor the inconscient.)

19. Readiness of the society emerges at the individual, not in all society because the emergence must be in organised knowledge or organised action not as ripe consciousness.

  • Organisation makes for social readiness.

20. To organise consciousness into knowledge or action in one individual the whole society must supply the consciousness.

  • One man’s perfection is the perfection of the whole.

21. Evolution from one plane to another demands conversion of energy on the scale of liquids becoming vapour.

  • Crossing the plane, energy explodes.

22. Social development is by the self-conception of the society.

  • Creative conception is self-conception.
  • Self-conception is creative.

23. By social development we mean society accomplishing its work by developing an organisation for it and continuing to improve that organisation.

  • Development is development of organisation.

24. All existing forms of behaviour, belief, functioning etc. become obstacles when development begins.

  • Present is a barrier to the future.

25. Society accepting the pioneer and following him is social development.

  • The pioneer initiates, society follows.
  • Following the pioneer is development.

26. Development is development of consciousness.

  • Development is development of consciousness.

27. Change of attitude expresses the new consciousness.

  • New consciousness is new attitude.

28. All new economic progress begins with this changed attitude to life style.

  • By changing the attitude, the country progresses.

27. The invisible plane of life is as much a field of production as the factory that manufactures and the land that produces the grain.

  • Life is productive.

28. In fact, being subtle, this life plane is more powerful and more productive.

  • More subtle, more powerful.

29. Historically, all phases of development have begun only like this.

  • History confirms productivity of the subtle.

30. Even when natural resources, scientific discoveries have initiated a phase of development, it will be seen that they are only instruments and not causes.

  • Resources and discoveries are instruments, not causes.

II. Organisation, Institution

1. An act is isolated.

Act is the unit.
2. Several acts combining to produce a greater result in a fixed form that can be repeated is a system which becomes an essential base for organisation.

Organisation is systematised acts.
3. Organisation is an act of the mind that emerges from the knowledge of the act leading to result.

Knowledge makes for action, organisation result.
4. Several systems go to create an organisation when they synchronise in time and space.

Organisation is synchronised systems.
5. That which organises is mind.

Mind means organisation.
Organising mind. Energising vital. Body that acts.
6. Organisation is that arrangement of work which, in the given circumstances, accomplishes most with the least energy and in the shortest time.

Organisation accomplishes the maximum – Organise to accomplish.
7. Organisation raises the work from the physical to the mental plane.

Organisation is mental.
8. Consciousness progresses by organisation.

Organisation makes for higher consciousness.
To organise is to become conscious.
Organisation is consciousness in work.
9. Organisation develops the consciousness.

Organisation and consciousness mutually develop each other.
The lower and the higher develop each other.
In the ascent the lower creates the higher.
In the descent the higher develops the lower.
10. Law is to the nature of energy what organisation is to the result of work.

Organisation is the law of work.
Law organises energy.
Organisation converts energy into result.
11. Opinion is an organisation of thought.

Thought organised is opinion. Opinion emotionalised is attitude. Motive is the being’s attitude.
Opinion is organised thought.
12. Attitude is the organisation of opinion directing vital energy.

The opinion of acting energy is attitude.
The opinion of energy in action is attitude.
13. Motive is the organisation of the being of which attitude and opinion are parts.

Motive is the direction of being. Mind’s opinion, vital’s attitude, being’s motive, spirit’s aspiration.
Spiritual aspiration.
Motive includes attitude and opinion even as attitude includes opinion.
Thought, opinion, attitude, motive are graded higher centres of human action.
14. Organisation can be unconscious or conscious.

Unconscious organisation is (not a paradox but) a life reality.
Organisation and consciousness are all pervasive.
15. Wherever energy expresses as skill, organisation emerges.

Skill is organised energy in action.
16. The subconscious organisation in living organisms emerges as conscious organisations in society.

The living body is the universe of the individual.
III. Distinction between Institution and Organisation

1. An organisation matures into an institution when the social acceptance is total.

Institution is socially mature organisation.
Organisation for social productivity (effectivity).
Institution is for social stability (maturity).
2. An organisation is maintained by human or social agencies.

Socially sustained human organisations.
Organisations are human social agencies.
Self-existing organisations.
3. An institution is a self-existent organisation.

Self-maintenance makes an organisation an institution.
Moving from social maintenance to self-maintenance, organisation becomes institution.
4. An organisation functions through systems, individuals appointed by a central authority and is run by its rules.

Systems, authorised individuals, rules run an organisation.
An organisation must be run; an institution runs itself.
Systems are units of organisations.
Men must be empowered to run an organisation.
5. An institution functions through custom and usage which individuals honour. The central authority here is not a person but the weight of social tradition.

Customs are the systems of an institution.
Formal custom; informal usage.
Rules honoured are customs.
Customs cherished are usage.
Tradition is the social personality.
Social personality is the institutional authority.
6. As values are spiritual or psychological skills we may say an institution is the system of social tradition run by the weight of its beliefs.

Value – spiritual skill. Institution = social tradition.
Value – psychological skill. Social tradition = weight of its beliefs.
7. An organisation is more physical and material whereas an institution is more invisible, intangible, psychological.

Physical organisation. Invisible institution.
Psychological institution
Material organisation.
8. An organisation exists by work of men; an institution exists by the beliefs of the society.

Organisation for work.
Institution of belief.
9. Organisation and institution often go together each forming a part of the other.

Overlapping of organisation and institution.
10. No organisational chart can be drawn up for an institution.

Chart-defying institution.
11. An administration can introduce an organisation whereas it cannot introduce an institution.

We can create an organisation; an institution creates itself.
Self-creating institution.
Organisation is human creation.
12. The best example is Society is an institution whereas government is an organisation.

Society as an institution; government as an organisation.
13. Organisations of one time can give birth to institutions later.

Present organisation is future institution.
14. Institutions are capable of generating organisations but the world has not given thought to that facet of institutions.

Institutions too can create organisations of a higher order.
15. Work is organised, values are institutionalised.

Work is the value of organisation.
Value is the work for an institution.
16. Institutions of one level can give birth to organisations at the next level.

Institutions here, organisations above.
17. Organisations become rigid; institutions become deep-seated.

Rigid organisations, rich institutions.
18. Organisation – institution – organism – social vibration (culture) are the stages through which it passes.

Organisation leads to institution resulting in culture.
IV. Resources – Finite and Infinite Resources

1. It is the mind that makes an object into a resource.

Resource is mind in matter.
2. As mind is infinite, so resources can be infinite.

Resources can only be infinite.
A finite resource is an oxymoron (a paradox).
Source can be finite, not resource.
An infinite mind cannot create finite resources.
3. In the limited human context, the greatest known resource is a human relationship that issues harmonious joy.

Man is a source, relationship is a resource.
Joy is the sensation of relationship. Joy senses the relationship.
Relationship creates an infinite resource.
4. A resource emerges when the mind evaluates a material in the context of an end use.

Resource is mental evaluation of matter in use.
5. Less formed persons as well as those who do not bind themselves to their present forms create the greatest resources.

Form creates resource; formlessness greater resource.
6. Resources are the result of resourcefulness.

Resourcefulness creates resource. Resource is mind in matter.
7. On earth the greatest existing RESOURCES are human resources.

Human resource is infinite resource.
8. The mind that loses its finite fixity, better still that acquires infinite flexibility can turn any finite resource into an infinite resource.

Mind converts the finite resource into infinite resource.
9. As you go up the scale of physical � spiritual, resources multiply manifold.

Resources increase as you go up. Higher up resource has a higher source.
10. The subtler the thought, the subtler the use, the more delicate or sophisticated the instrument, the greater is the resource that is generated.

Subtlety and delicacy increase resourcefulness.
V. Efficiency

1. To accomplish the result with the minimum of resources is efficiency.

Maximum result for minimum effort. (is efficiency)
Expression of organisation (is efficiency).
That which absorbs all energy into action. Efficiency absorbs all energy into action.
Energy becomes result through efficiency. Efficiency converts energy into result.
2. Skill, capacity, interest, systems, innovation raise efficiency.

Efficiency is the index of organisation. Organisation is the efficiency.
Organisation is the index of efficiency. As is the organisation, so is the efficiency.
3. Saving of time, space, energy, material and money contribute to efficiency.

Efficiency serves.
Savings makes for efficiency.
4. Systems save time and space.

Save and be efficient.
5. Accounting saves money, especially costing.

Anything can be saved, even fully.
6. Interest saves energy.

Save for efficiency.
7. Innovation saves material.

Material scarcity means innovation is dead.
8. Using all socially available methods raises efficiency above the social level.

Social status determines social efficiency.
9. Exhausting your interested thought on improvement raises that level of efficiency to the maximum possible level in your own context.

Exhaust and rise. – Exhaustion raises.
10. To analyse each function of your work in terms of the whole with a view to improving efficiency will raise it to a maximum level.

Part viewed from the whole achieves the maximum.
11. The construction of one’s factory, the constitution of the company and the social milieu set limits to the level of efficiency attainable.

Form limits the contents.
12. Setting up measurements for each activity enhances efficiency.

Measurement develops.
Measurement is a development tool.
Measurement enlightens.
13. Creating an index of efficiency for the composite whole can raise that efficiency to the possible maximum.

Wider the measurement, the greater is the progress.
VI. Technology

1. An idea based on a scientific law yielding higher results is technology.

Material expression of science is technology.
Technology is science in matter.
2. A new mental idea and the devising of an appropriate machinery make technology possible.

Idea in material form (is technology).
3. Technology is mental idea expressed in material devices.

Matter expressing idea becomes machine.
4. Matter in expressing an idea releases greater vital energy.

Energy is matter moved by mind.
5. To release higher volumes of energy the higher plane must express itself concretely in the lower plane.

Higher principle in lower plane is copious energy.
6. Technology that is the result of human mental resources, releases further human resources, vital as well as mental.

Releasing greater energy for greater result is technology. – Energy releasing mechanism.
Technology can release energy at all levels. – Technology creates energy.
7. Design is the medium through which mental idea unleashes material properties.

Material property is mental design.
8. The mind in man evokes a response from the mind in metal through technology.

Technology is mind in matter in action.
9. Ideas are technologies of spirit.

Concept is mental technology.
10. Technology restructures the existing productive organisation.

Higher technology needs higher organisation.
VII. Obstacles, Anachronisms

1. Any method that outlived its use can turn into an obstacle.

Form in disuse is obstacle.
2. Anachronisms are invisible obstacles, obstacles for the growth of spirit.

Attachment to the obsolete is anachronism.
3. A method that has taken its form in the physical and is therefore rigid becomes an obstacle.

Physical anachronisms are obstacles.
4. Obstacles stubbornly prevent progress of the present.

Progress is flexible, obstacles are rigid. Flexible progress, rigid obstacle.
5. Anachronisms are subtle in effect and sap the energies of mind that are needed for progress.

Anachronisms drain subtle energies.
Anachronisms subtly drain the energies.
6. Anachronisms are fortified by archaic sentiments.

Archaic sentiments are mental anachronisms.
7. Physical obstacles are insurmountable.

Any obstacle can be overcome, not the physical.
8. Vital obstacles are ferocious in their energies of opposition.

Voluminous support, ferocious opposition.
9. Mental obstacles are that of ego and seal the fate of progress.

Mind becomes an obstacle in the ego.
10. Obstacles are symbols of the being’s determination to cherish the present.

Enjoyment of the present (is the obstacle).
VIII. Accomplishment, Enjoyment


1. Accomplishment is the characteristic endowment of the Act that is the unit of Universal Existence or worldly life.

Act is the unit, accomplishment its stamp.
2. Accomplishment is the aspect of the whole; therefore it is a capacity of the whole.

The whole accomplishes.
Wholeness and accomplishment go together.
3. He who accomplishes moves away from the part and centers himself in the centre of the whole away from the parts.

Part accomplishes the part.
Accomplish from the centre of the whole.
4. Skill is essentially of the part. Talent is that skill raised to a peak raised by the capacity that is the essence of several skills.

Skill of the part. Capacity of the whole.
Talent is skill of the capacity.
Talent is capacious skill.
5. Capacity is the essence of several skills pertaining to a whole. The growing capacity lends itself to raise the skill to talent only when all the skills of the whole are acquired.

Talent is essences of different skills.
(Talent is) skill of the whole.
6. Ability is essentially that which enables one to transfer the essence of one skill to another, collect the essences into capacity and reinforce a skill with capacity to raise it to a talent.

Skill acquires organisation.
Capacity collects the essences.
Talent is saturated skill.
Ability transfers skills.
Capacity to transfer skills is talent.
7. Skill and capacity are analogous to behaviour and character.

Behaviour like skill.
Character like capacity.
8. As personality lies beyond character and is the potential strength that can achieve outside the formed character that recoils from an unknown challenge, accomplishment is the endowment of that central person who holds in essence the strength to bring about results.

Accomplishment is the personality of life.
9. The only difference is personality surfaces only when challenged by the unfamiliar, accomplishment meets every work all day long.

Accomplishment is the personality of everyday work.
10. When several parts meet to accomplish a whole, each part has a positive sensitivity that must be fully honoured and a negative sensitivity that must be fully avoided.

Sensitivity succeeds.
Sensitivity is an index of success.
Sensitivity succeeds or ruins.
Succeeding sensitivity.
Ruining sensitivity.
11. Positive sensitivities reward in proportion to our response; negative sensitivities when permitted a little will cancel the whole work.

Positive sensitivity awaits invitation.
Negative sensitivity invites itself.
12. When accomplishment is acquired as a unit or in the unit-whole, it will raise itself in proportion to the strength of personality.

Character accomplishes.
Personality improves upon it.
Personality improves even the perfect.
13. Accomplishment is neutral; it never permits social, ethical, conscientious dimensions except to interfere or abridge the result.

Accomplishment is a law unto itself.
Neutral accomplishment.
14. Social, ethical accomplishments are wholes in a partial plane.

Wholes of the part.
15. Opinion, attitude, motive are of mind, vital and being.

Mental opinion.
Vital attitude.
Being’s motive.
16. One’s accomplishment could be restricted to one of these – opinion, attitude, motive.

Determinants of accomplishment.
17. Work in a higher plane will be adversely affected by a lower attribute (opinion, etc.) being negative to it, while work in a lower plane will remain unaffected by a higher attribute even if it is negative to the work.

The lower affects the higher.
The superfluous higher.
The unaffecting higher.
18. When an essential component of the work is not brought in, the result is either postponed till it arrives or stalls at that point — Alavander.

Determining component.
19. Atmosphere of a place carries with it the ability of accomplishment in the areas one is unformed or oblivious.

Accomplishment of the atmosphere.
Accomplishment of the unformed.
Accomplishment of the oblivious.
20. Fresh incursion of energy can raise the level of accomplishment in the areas where the endowment fully exists or rests on experience.

21. An attitude essentially required for accomplishment can come to one either positively or negatively.

22. Presence of such an endowment negatively will be largely successful in a negative social atmosphere, but it will be accomplishment pure and simple.

23. For that to be successful in a positive social atmosphere, the attitude should rise above the line.

24. The maximum one accomplishes is determined by the scope of the atmosphere and the willing organisation of ‘accomplishment’ in oneself.

25. Strong individuals performing within a weak organisation will soon exhaust their possibilities at the point where the strength of organisation is exhausted.

26. Weak individuals performing within an organisation that is strong will be able to avail of the strength of the organisation in the measure they subordinate to its authority.

27. An accomplishment is determined by the interaction of the several endowments of the individual – skill, capacity, talent, ability, manners, behaviour, character, personality; opinions, attitudes, motives — with the several attributes of the outside – atmosphere, organisation, authority, status, power, etc.

28. The initiative cutting across these aspects reaching any goal without being tempered or interfered with a negative trait, accomplishes itself.

29. Inner approval or appreciation of any goal or a person, who has attained that goal, makes one eligible to the same accomplishment. That appreciation reaching certain fullness – say when it reaches the substance of a layer – readily accomplishes on the strength of that appreciation alone. Suspicions, mistrust, sarcasm expressed or unexpressed have the opposite effect.

30. Strength of accomplishment is that which operates in a lower plane than its maximum reach. It goes straight to its goal brushing aside all dissenters.

31. The same operating at its maximum possible level becomes weak and can be toppled by any move to the contrary.

32. The Inner Determinant is the choice.

33. The Outer Determinant is one’s social acceptability.

34. Objective – outer – accomplishments can stand on social structures.

35. Subjective – inner – accomplishments can stand only on psychological sanctions.

36. Outer or inner, one can accomplish what one chooses at the level of his motives.

Levels of Enjoyment

1. Energy saturating the vital harmoniously is enjoyment.

Harmonious saturated energy.

2. Enjoyment is emotional comprehension maturing in an act.

Act of nature emotional comprehension.

3. Accomplishment issues enjoyment.

Accomplishment and enjoyment are synonymous.
Accomplishment is enjoyment.
Accomplishing enjoyment.
Enjoying accomplishment.

4. Therefore enjoyment can be a measure or index of accomplishment.

Enjoyment measures accomplishment.
Enjoyment, an index of accomplishment.
Accomplishment, an index of enjoyment.

5. Enjoyment can be an index of accomplishment even as comprehension can.

6. Comprehension, enjoyment, accomplishment each can serve as an index for the others, as each includes the other two.

Coexisting correlations serve as an index of each other.

7. Enjoyment can be seen at all the 9 levels.

Ubiquitous enjoyment.

8. Mind enjoys comprehension, comprehending the emotion of the situation.

Comprehension too can be enjoyed.

9. Poetry is mind’s emotional comprehension of life’s intensities as realities.

Comprehension of emotion is poetry.

10. The poet is placed higher than the philosopher because the philosopher lends his knowledge to No. 2 to appreciate the higher realities of life.

Poet elevates. Philosopher instructs.

11. Enjoyment expresses in quantity as well as quality.

Two dimensional enjoyment.

12. That which you enjoy will not hurt you as enjoyment is integral.

Integral enjoyment.

13. Properly enjoyment belongs to the vital and precisely to No. 5.

No. 5 is the seat of enjoyment.

14. Enjoyment can be found in taking or giving; mastering or submitting; or in any activity.

All pervasive enjoyment.

15. Enjoyment does not depend upon the activity but upon the harmony and intensity of the energies involved.

Intensity of harmony is enjoyment.

16. No. 9 enjoys non-moving stability.

Stability too is enjoyable.

17. No. 1 enjoys detaching from decision as well as emotion into pure idea.

18. Each level enjoys going to the next higher level.

Progress is enjoyment.

19. Enjoyment in the descent is far greater than the enjoyment in the ascent.

Higher the plane, the greater the enjoyment.

20. There is an expansiveness, intensity and harmony that make for enjoyment.

Expansiveness is enjoyment.

21. Joy is Ananda reflected in the nerves.

Ananda of the nerves.

22. Joy is a sensation as being is a status and consciousness is a knowledge.

23. An individual or a family or a nation can be evaluated by the level of their enjoyment.

Enjoyment is an index of accomplishment.

24. Austerity is the enjoyment of denial.

Enjoying the capacity to deny.

25. Tyranny is the enjoyment of negative intensity.

Intensely enjoyable negative intensity.

26. Progress issues out of either enjoyment or denying it.

Progress of enjoyment. Progress of denial.

27. The wider the field of enjoyment reaches, the greater is its quality.

The wider, the better.


1. A rule works in opposite directions above and below the LINE.

The ever-present LINE.
The LINE divides heaven and hell (light and darkness, positive and negative, good and bad).
That which separates heaven and hell is A LINE.
Cross the line, heaven changes into hell.
2. The line represents the parting between the higher and lower hemispheres of creation in individual events.

Golden lid in every life (and in every event).
3. As the line horizontally separates the higher and lower, a division exists between the positive and negative sides of an issue.

Horizontal line, vertical division.
4. Decisions that are taken above the line and on the positive side always give positive results.

The first quarter is the best quarter.
5. Decisions that are below the line and on the negative side result only in complete failure.

Unfailing quarter.
6. Decisions that are taken in the other two segments begin positively and end negatively or the other way round.

Begins as failure, ends as success.
Failure begins as success.
7. A weak man taking a strong decision always is below the line.

Strong decision is not for the weak.
8. A strong man taking a decision weakly places himself voluntarily below the line.

Courting failure.
9. One’s position with respect to the line can alter his natural conditions.

Position changes personality.
10. One’s position with respect to the line can change rationality into its opposite.

Choice makes the rational irrational.
X. Authority

1. Authority is the ultimate determinant of accomplishment.

Authority accomplishes; authority alone accomplishes.
2. Spiritual authority silently achieves, perhaps unseen.

Higher the authority, the less it is seen.
3. Mental authority accomplishes by direction.

Mind directs.
4. Vital authority energises to accomplish.

Vital energises.
5. Physical authority offers security and thus achieves.

Physical accomplishes.
6. Authority moves inside when freedom enters the field of action.

Freedom and authority combine inside.
7. Self-discipline is the inner authority.

The self when disciplined, inner authority is born.
The inner rules when the self submits.
8. Self-discipline itself can disappear when consciousness acquires the necessary poise.

Poise of consciousness relieves self from discipline.
9. Authority exercised in utter freedom is that of the emerging Godhead.

God exercises authority in freedom.
XI. Ascent and Descent; Unconscious and Conscious development

1. Planning is conscious development.

Planning makes development conscious.
Descending planning, ascending growth.
2. All development till man comes to planning is unconscious development.

Conscious planning, unconscious growth.
3. Ascent is unconscious.

Unconscious ascent.
4. Descent is conscious.

Conscious descent.
5. The order of superiority reverses when the ascent changes into descent.

Ascent changing into descent, order of value reverses.
Mind that is higher than body in the ascent becomes lower in the descent.
Superior mind (in the ascent).
Superlative body (in the descent.)
6. The Descent that follows the Ascent touches the highest levels of development.

Ascent first, descent next.
7. In creation, descent begins; development begins with the ascent.

God from above, man from below.
8. In creation the descent that follows the ascent touches the highest levels.

Descent completes the ascent.
9. Development also has the third phase as in creation where social organisations begin to mature into social institutions.

Neither ascent, nor descent is final. There is a third phase.
There is a beyond. There is always a beyond.
10. Culture takes over civilised organisations in the descent.

Growth, planning and culture.
Growth ends in culture.
Culture begins as growth.
Planning is between growth and culture.
XII. Stages 1 to 9

Level 1

1. We have subdivided the mental, vital, physical planes into three subdivisions each representing mental, vital and physical parts of that plane.

Three parts of the being.

2. Properly speaking, the study should start at level 9 and proceed to level 1. We take it from 1 to 9 as this is development and not evolution.

Evolution from below, development from above.

3. Number One is the pure mind, the mental part of mind, the pure thinker.

One, the thinker.

4. It is here concepts are formed and understanding rises to its purity.

Pure understanding is concept .
Conceptual understanding is pure.
Concept is organised understanding.

5. Mother refers to it as speculative mind, the seat of mental light.

Speculative mind – seat of light.

6. One represents the philosopher.

Philosopher’s pedestal.

7. One becomes most powerful when detached from the sentiment of two and the decision of three of the same plane.

One is powerful by itself.

8. The essential faculty of One is organisation, the organisation of ideas.

Mother calls One speculative mind.
One coordinates thinking.
Ideas need non-sensational facts.
One is pure mind.
One is pure thinking.
One can go to the Absolute.
One is the example of consciousness rising by organisation.

9. This is the seat of mental ego deriving its strength from the organisation.

Root of mental ego.

10. ‘Ideas arise from the body’, says HE. The body’s motion that becomes skill energised by the vital attitudes, having decided in one fashion and developing sentiments for it, finally letting go the essence of these exercises as Ideas which find their proper seat in One.

11. In the process of development, One conceives and 2 to 9 execute.

Conceptual One.

12. The knowledge of the process of external social development being really the knowledge of the process that moves from 9 to 1,

One is capable of acquiring that knowledge.
One of essential experience.
One of creative thought.

13. One has light, but no energy or power, even mental energy or mental power.

One, the Light.

14. Mind itself has no power of concrete accomplishment, except the mental power of decision in the consciousness and determination in the substance.

Powerful decision.
Decisive power.
Powerless light.

15. One has the power in the measure other parts willingly accept One.

16. Intrinsically, One has the power over all the parts of 2 to 9 if its clarity, organisation and strength of idea attain to the required perfection.

Power of clarity.

17. As One is connected with four and seven, One can dominate seven since, in truth, One is the extracted essence of seven.

1, 4, 7; 2, 5, 8; 3, 6, 9 are the triple trios.

18. One moving seven is Mind dominating Matter whereas in practice it is Matter that dominates Mind.

Ideal Mind, practical Matter.

19. The subconscious substance of seven can be moved by One if the spirit in One is awake and reaches the spirit in seven.

Mind over Matter, of One reaches seven.

20. All conscious social development is One directing and dominating the parts of 2 to 9.

One’s mastery is social development.

Level 2

1. Level Two is the vital of the mental plane.

Mental vital.

2. As concept and Idea belong to the consciousness and substance of One, feeling and sentiment belong to Two.

Two, the poet.

3. Two is that which generates the poet.

4. Poetry belongs to the sphere of ideas that are idolised and it is Two that does it.

5. As One deprives the idea of sentiment to become a pure idea, Three refuses to mature into sentiment which will prevent its decision from being effective.

Sentiment prevents concept formation.
Sentiment is inimical to decision.

6. But Two overcomes the practicality of decision and before maturing into pure idea, creates poetry.

7. Two is in direct relation with 5 and 7.

8. Seven produces the rustic folklore.

9. Five produces the hero, the artist and the vital poetry whose thought content is not rich. Maybe the bard of ballads comes out of 5.

Ballads and lyrics of 5.

10. Idea before becoming the action matures into sentiment.

Energising sentiment.

11. Decisive action before becoming essential idea acquires the feeling and sentiment.

Purifying sentiment.

12. The language of decision and determination is matter of fact.

Matter of fact decision.

13. The language of concept is precise, well-defined, leaving no room for sentiment.

Precise concept.

14. Physical action before becoming mental idea stops at the destination of poetry.

Poetry stops short of action.

15. Not only poetry, but idealism belongs to this seat of Two.

Idealistic sentiment.

16. An idea becomes an ideal when the emotions espouse it.

Emotional ideal.

17. Philosophers are doctrinaire; men of action act and do not speak. Idealists who exhort the population cannot resort to doctrines nor will mere action inspire the people. Emotion of patriotism, metaphor of poetry, inspiration of music, and passion for a goal belong to Two.

Idealistic Two.

18. Passion without ideas or energy is that of a worker who prides himself on his servility to the master.

Passion can be servile. Servile passion.

19. Passion with energy is unidealistic ambition for wealth or status.

Greed, the energetic passion.

20. Passion informed of an ideal or led by an ideal is no longer passion but can become devotion to an ideal or dedication to a cause.

Idealistic passion is dedication.

Level 3

1) This is the physical mind, seated in the brain, centre of intellectuality, decision and determination above and below.

2) Being physical, it is in direct relation with 6 & 9; being mind, it is in direct relation with 7. Juxtaposed between 2 & 4, both influence it.

3) This — No. 3 — is the organiser in Man. All the civilised ways have been built up only by 3.

4) No. 7 organises physical movements, No. 1 organises pure ideas and No. 3 organises thought, the sensational facts that interpret themselves in the brain as thoughts.

5) Its organisation consists in creating systems for action by co-ordination. The facts fed by the 5 senses are converted here into thought and then are coordinated. That co-ordination is thinking. To create a system out of those thoughts is intellectuality.

6) For this reason, it rarely fails as its facts are empirical, not hypothetical. For the same reason, it cannot be creative as 1.

7) No. 4 offers emotionally energised ‘facts’ to No. 3. No. 3 accepts the facts and rejects the emotional colouring. Action — decision for action — is born when emotion is shed. At a further stage, emotion can energise action.

8) No. 7 organises physical movements while No. 3 organises sensational movements.

9) No. 9 is physical existence or awareness. Similarly No. 3 is the existence of thought or mental awareness.

10) No. 3 offers the physical basis for the poet and the philosopher.

11) No. 3 is unemotional.

12) As No. 7 generates skill out of movements, 3 creates thought out of sensational facts.

13) Great administrators belong to 3.

14) HE says Ford had pragmatic intelligence. 3 is its seat.

15) Executives of all types are those who have a developed No. 3.

16) It loses its effectivity when sentiment colours it.

17) Thought is the product of sensation in the physical part of the mind.

18) It is said mind is the function of brain. The function of brain produces not mind but thought.

19) No. 4 is cunning. No. 3 takes its feed without that cunning.

20) It is the seat of action because it moves No. 7 which acts.

Level 4

1) The mind of the vital plane often referred to as Vital mind by HIM is No. 4.

2) If organisation is not considered at all, vital mind is the most efficient in man.

3) Vital mind often penetrates the organiser No. 3 and claims success occasionally. This is so because the organisation takes a long time to perfect itself. Vital mind can spot the chinks and attacks with its subtle knowledge. Perfect organisation is always invulnerable, especially an established one.

4) Vital mind accepts nothing less than victory and seeks it at all costs. Therefore it is not moral.

5) Famous generals who came under the civilian authority before the advent of democracy, were of No. 4. Their courage issued from No. 5 even as their strategies emanated from No. 4.

6) Shivaji was a vibhuti but had no compunction to kill his opponent by a fraternal embrace, a heinous crime for a leader of that stature in a country where Rama had set standards.

7) The enormous courage of No. 5 refines itself into enormous cunning that is cleverness at No. 4.

8) It is No. 4 which despises the organiser No. 3 and his systems of action because 4 knows 3’s systems can have chinks while its own insight is flawless.

9) It is again No. 4 that ridicules No. 1 the philosopher and his ethereal conceptions.

10 But No. 4 is in direct relationship with 1 above and 7 below as they too are mental parts.

11) Sandwiched between 3 and 5, it is the prerogative of 4 to process the emotions of 5 into emotional thought of 4 and feed it to 3.

12) Foresters, rustic community leaders, mafia chieftains, are of this cut or cult.

13) 4 is the seat of superstitions when the person lacks courage.

14) In the ascent 4 receives the emotions of 5 to process it into thought. In the descent 4 receives the decision of 3 and infuses it with emotion to charge the decision with emotional ideas. By itself, 4 is the preserver of social security, fashions social norms, lays down public conduct and plays the role of the social conscience.

15) In times of social degeneration the strength of 4 determines the length of psychological social survival.

16) In times of social upward movement one does not approve of the changes if 4 sulks.

17) Shrewdness, insight, penetration, alertness, resourcefulness are its endowments.

18) Athletes, film artists, public figures, commercial executives, if endowed with a strong 4, will move from success to greater success successively.

19) Public speakers with linguistic ability can be made into public leaders if 4 is strong.

20) Strong 4 makes fiction writers popular in the beginning because of a penchant for sensationalism. They degenerate into obscene writers as fiction does not thrive on sensationalism.

21) Strong 4 in the head of a family will make the family a victim of tyranny, but the family will become a success, though a success shrouded in fear and tension.

22) A weak 4 will make the person a victim of all circumstances. The victimization will be intensified by his own imagined fears without number.

23) It is not for 4 to be ethical. In case it espouses any ethic, that will be followed religiously like Gandhiji’s goat’s milk.

24) 4 is the monitor of attitudes and motives in consciousness and substance.

25) Gita advocated the surrender of motives to reach Satchidananda and the Supreme as those were days of the vital man.

Level 5

1. Five is the pure vital, the vital of the vital plane.

Pristine pure vital.

2. Being vital, it is in touch with 2 and 8.

3. Naturally it is between 4 and 6 and therefore in powerful touch with both.

4. Five is the seat of the courage of the heroic warrior, the artists, the poet of the second level or the middle level, the pure emotion untouched by the minds of either the vital plane or of the mental plane.

5. Five energises the physical vital of 6 and gives it the greatest force of the person.

Energiser of devotion.

6. Five is sensation in consciousness and sensitivity in substance.

Sensation, sensitivity.

7. Sensation is an organisation of responses of the five senses co-ordinated.

Coordinated senses.

8. Sensation has energy but no power. Sensitivity has power of substance.

9. Six vitalises the physical energy of the person while 5 vitalises that energy of 6.

10. Its force and power come from its being pure energy.

11. As it is untouched by mind, so it is untouched by the faculties of mind such as memory or judgement or even imagination.

12. One is oblivious of the entire surroundings while at 5, because the surroundings come to one through observation or its memory.

13. Senses do not think through memory or observe through mind; they only sense.

14. When 5 was the highest height man had ever reached, he was in complete tune with Nature.

15. His faculties at that time were the faculties of senses, i.e. pugnacity, gregariousness, survival, self-preservation, etc.

16. The movement from the physical plane to the vital plane is vastly expansive in energy. A further movement of greater expansiveness is that of 5 over 6. Hence the greatest power of man is at 5, made possible by expansiveness of two levels.

17. Music is the form of sound; painting is the form of lines; courage is the force of form of pure energy in action. Hence 5 is their seat.

18. Energises 2 from below; 2 elevates it from above. From below it gets force, from above it gets direction.

19. Negatively 5 is the seat of fear, phobia, possession, especially obsessive possession, total lack of understanding, energy of superstition.

20. Sensation of 5 energises the natural physiological functions with energy, such as running in fear.

Level 6

1) Six is the physical part of the vital.

Vital Physical.

2) 3 is the physical part of the mental plane, seated in the brain.

Physical mind. Mental physical.

3) 9 is the physical part of the physical seated in the body, the pure physical.

Pure physicality.

4) 3, 6, and 9 are in direct touch with each other being the physical parts of various planes.

5) Also, 6 is in touch with 5 above and 7 below.

6) Six is the nerves, the central nervous system even as 3 is brain and 9 is body.

Physical seat of nerves.

7) Six is the point at which the physical plane emerges into the vital plane.

That we know releases enormous energy but is still of the physical character.
Door to the vital.

8) Ideas, opinions lodged here in 6 cannot be removed by a mental effort. It may succeed to some extent even at 4 since 4 is a mental part. It rarely passes on to 5, never to 6, as there is nothing of mind to receive or respond.

9) At times of riots, flood havoc, etc. man puts aside his mind for all intents and purposes. At such times he acts mostly from 7 or 6.

The subconscious person.

10) Emotion and devotion are seated here in the consciousness and substance.

Emotion and devotion.

11) Devotion is strongest vitally at 5, but physically devotion reaches its maximum power only here.

Saturated devotion.

12) Emotion at 4 will be coloured by emotional knowledge but here will be pure, untouched by mind of any description.

Physical emotion.

13) The Tamil saint Kannappan dug out his eyes to replace the bleeding eyes of Siva lingam because he is one who belongs to six.

14) Jean Valjean with his emotional sense of duty to his sister’s kids lived centred in 6.

15) As 6 is the point where physical plane enters the vital plane and the only mental touch it so far has seen is the mental ability of 7 to learn the primary skills for existence, 6 remains pristine pure unspoiled by the crooked mind.

16) In the descent, 6 is to offer physical stability to the vital power of 5.

Physical foundation for the vital.

17) The warrior who is thus supported feels like a rock as it is the support of the physical.

Pedestal for the fighter.

18) All the power of organisation of 3, in spite of its relationship with six does not reach 6 essentially as it knows not what organisation is.

19) It is open to the raw physical influence of 9 as it is of its type.

20) It is here vital sensation and physical sensation interchange in the descent and ascent.

Level 7

1. The mental part of the physical is seven. This is the very first appearance of Mind in Man.

2. 7 is the conscious mental part even though it is seated in the subconscious physical.

3. The subconscious has its mental part in what Mother calls Material mind which is the mental part of 9- when it is subdivided into mental, vital and physical parts. It is this mind that controls our involuntary organs and the reflex action.

4. That Material mind emerges into conscious existence in 7.

5. Thus, 7 is the seat of all conscious learning of our physical such as walking, talking, eating, etc.

6. It is about this Mother says it starts doing the moment it understands.

7. Its efficiency is thus total and for the very same reason it does not respond till it fully learns.

8. Mind means turning sensations into ideas and organising them.

9. 7 turns the physical sensation of eight into physical ideas of skills of acting.

10. The mere undirected movements of 9 become skilled movements in 7 through the sensations of 8.

11. 7 is vitally reinforced by 4 and conceptually educated by 1.

12. 7 is in touch with 3 and gets the benefits of its organisation, decision and determination.

13. There is no emotion of any kind in 7 nor any thought of any description since it is incapable of both.

14. 7 is the foundation for 3 directly.

15. Skill and capacity are seated here in the consciousness and substance.

16. This is the raw human individual which rises in times of utter crisis to act as beast even as the sailors in the stranded ship started eating human flesh before they perished.

17. Its greatest function is the formation of skills and extraction of their essence into capacity to be stored in its substance.

18. Skill formation is a process where each unit is to be originally fashioned and coordinated by an original process of trial and error. As bricks are to be molded one by one and laid one by one to erect a wall, skills need their psychological bricks of movements brought under an order. The writer writes each letter not each word separately to form a word which forms a sentence. Skill formation is a basic fundamental biological process.

19. The trials and errors have given a resultant knowledge to 7 which it has arrived at on its own. That is its mental functioning. The physical memory of acts repeats those skills ad infinitum.

20. What 7 does with primary physical movements, 3 does with primary thought movements.

21. We can say 7 is the mind emerging from the physical while 3 is the physical base that helps the thought mind to emerge.

22. In 7 the thought emerges from the physical sensation which the mind there organises.

23. In 3 the physical organises itself as a suitable right basis for thought mind to emerge.

24. In the relationship of 7 with 3, one supports the other from below and from above in this fashion.

25. Thought in 3 becomes coarse by the physicality of 7 while the physical in 7 becomes bright with the light of 3.

26. Thought in 7 is a physical movement which the scientist is trying to measure and track.

27. Function of brain, the physical movement in 3 is a thought in 3.

28. 7 does not respond to a vital sensation and rejects it.

29. A concept of 1 does not reach 7 and when it does reach it has no faculty to respond with and therefore ignores it.

30. 7 is the seat of the physical psychic as it is the mental part of the physical.

Level 8

1) 8 is the vital of the physical plane, the very first point where vitality is born in Man.

2) This is the first stage where there is a part absolutely untouched by mind.

3) 8 is vital but is the vitality of the physical, not having any resemblance to vital energy, even as the wedding function in the poorest circumstances has the characteristic of the wedding without resembling any function.

4) The vitality here is energy, not fully converted into sensation. If any sensation is there, it is the physical sensation.

5) The sensations of 8 will have the newness to the individual which the neo-literate feels in the excitement of literacy.

6) This is also the first seat that converts physicality into vital energy. The sense of wonder of the first recipient will characterise this conversion.

7) What it receives from 5 and from 2 are of great interest to us. It is on a parallel to the effect on the bottom of the population by what the cream receives. It may be negligible but is significant.

8) A study of these patterns is of great importance but we do not enter into these branches of expression here.

9) Poetry even at this level is appealing to the population of that level. An old man composed a song on the spot and sang it at the thanksgiving function at Ramapuram.

10) In the life of the warrior and the poet, either in his early life or in the previous generations, one can witness the presence of 8 without fail.

11) 8 is in indirect touch with 2 and 5, in direct touch with 7 and 9.

12) Man at 8 is the unskilled, energetic, physical worker.

13) The only endowment he has is the primitive physical energy which does not condemn him as a bulk of dead flesh.

14) Superstition will be his religion.

15) He may not have evolved to the extent of either questioning his superstition or fearing to lose it. What he has is his possession.

16) To him, emotions are objects, concepts are invisible.

17) Even to be mercenary, he may not have faculties.

18) Skills, emotions, ideas pass him as objects without his noticing them.

19) Their sleep is unconscious, their dreams are of the subconscious.Even tree climbing is a skill that defies him.

Level 9

1) Man begins his existence as physical existence at 9.

2) This part is exclusively and purely physical, even as 1 is exclusively and purely mental.

3) 9 is untouched by vitality or mentality in the least.

4) It is in direct touch only with 8 and in indirect touch with 3 and 6.

5) Movement and sleep are its statuses in consciousness and substance.

6) What appears to us as a clod from the point of view of developed man is really the culmination of Man’s evolution from the animal. The animal vitality having evolved to human mentality is born as Man whom we find at 9.

7) This man is only capable of movement, and emotion or thought has not yet been born in him. Mentality is only in potential while Man is at 9.

8) Sri Aurobindo says the intelligence of the primitive man who fashioned the tools out of stones is the same as the modern scientist. When the species is born its highest intelligence is also born with it. Only that it is in potential while he is at 9.

9) For that intelligence to flower and reach either 3 or even 1, it has to evolve emotions and sensations.

10) Man at 9 is one who is in a dazed mental condition, if it could be called ‘mental’ by any stretch of the imagination or linguistic usage.

11) The only thing he is really capable of is movement.

12) In the absence of those inherent movements, he lapses into sleep.

13) As the new born baby, he is representing the nascent conditions of the newly evolved member of the species.

14) 9 can be compared to 1 with respect to the Higher mental Silence. The conditions of 9 with respect to Man is the same as 1 with respect to the faculty of the Higher Mind that understands through Silence.

15) 9 is to the physical as 6 is to the vital and 3 is to the mental.

16) 3 is empirical and organises its facts into system that is decision, but is at sea faced with the concepts of 1. So does 9 feel with respect to 7.

17) 6 which is the first member of the vital is placed in a similar position with 4.

18) The one asset of 9 is movement and that is all the source of its energy and later intelligence.

19) The purity of 9 as pure physical is so complete that it permits evolution of vitality by its movements.

20) The Supramental Being will be born if 9 is supramentalised in consciousness and substance.

21) As its freshness permits it to evolve vitality, so too its pristine purity when deconditioned to its original status permits supramentalisation.

22) By the time it is ready to be mentalised, the very flesh turns into the grey matter of brain.

23) The influence of 1 penetrates to 9, to its substance.

XIII. Role of family, school, society and individual

1. Human family protects the young ones, thus illustrating the fact that the species comes into existence for more than procreation.

Family – the finest institution of the human species. (family here means mother & children)
Unrivalled family.
Unrivalled excellence of family.

2. Society developing the weaker members is an extension of the role of the family.

Society is now a family.

3. School offers organised education.

All life is education.
School organises education.
Organised education is school.

4. Family and society precede and succeed the school in offering institutionalised cultural education and education that is not yet fully organised.

Family precedes, society succeeds.

5. Society creates the individual and submits to his leading it.

Leader, being led.
Child leading the father.
Leadership in submission.
Society fulfils itself in the individual.

6. The final aim of the individual is to create a society where every individual is fully evolved.

The individual fulfils himself in the society.

7. Family trains by social authority, school by the authority of knowledge, society by its subconscious wisdom.

Family is individual’s first society.
Knowledge too has its own authority – school.
The collective authority is the social wisdom.
The social wisdom is the collective authority.

8. In his growth the individual moves from physically inherited habits to opinion and attitude and finally by his own motive.

Opinions are one’s own.
Attitudes are of the family.
Motives are of character.

9. Opinion of the mind, attitude of the vital are superseded by the motive of the being.

Mind, vital and being are the grades.
The body can represent the being.

10. Society fulfils itself when it discovers the wisdom which it developed in the individual.

Society recognises its own wisdom only in the leading individual.

XIV. Superstition

1. Superstition is the wisdom, shield and strength of the ignorant in whom ignorance is integral.

Wisdom of the ignorant.

2. As knowledge increases, superstition does not dissolve. It reorganises itself at a higher level in a newer and more acceptable form. At this stage man is proud of the new superstition as scientific knowledge and comes to look down upon people who are in his earlier frame of mind.

Age does not wither, nor custom stale its infinite newer varieties.

3. Superstition gives way only when knowledge becomes integral. Even intuition is not spared by the invasion of superstition. (*)

Not even intuition can secure freedom from superstition.
No one is free, not even intuition. – Superstitious intuition – Intuitive superstition.

4. As knowledge organised in one segment needs the protection in other segments, it is inevitable that superstition collects there.

Protection of the foolish.
Knowledge of the ignorant.
Power of the uninformed.

5. Construction of theories and extension of comprehension beyond one’s limits generate superstition.

Knowledge beyond its ken.

6. Mastery in one aspect tending to consider itself as final knowledge creates superstition in all other areas.

The Greater the mastery, the greater the superstition.

7. When one functions from the mind, superstition is inevitable.

Power of the partial instrument, mind.

8. Taking things for granted generates superstition or at least leads you astray.

Assumptions generate superstition.

9. Not to see that a strange phenomenon can be true, is a basis of superstition.

Making the unfamiliar familiar.

10. Lack of observation, facts, right correspondence between events, etc. lead to superstition.

Superstition is unidimensional finality.

XV. Money

1. Money is an institution unrivalled in its scope, power, precision, speed, capacity to adjust to newly coming discoveries till today.

Money is comprehensive, all-pervading.
Comprehensive, all-pervading money.
Ubiquitous money.
Omnipresent money.

2. Man’s emergence from physicality is marked by the advent of money.

Instrument of release from labour.
Vital money, physical property, mental organisation.

3. Trust created money; money helped trust to grow.

Money is – human trust in action.
Symbol of formed social collectivity.

4. Money is a symbol. Its power lies not in gold but in its symbolic nature.

Symbolic power.
Self-multiplying symbolic power.

5. Money abridges Time and Space in the physical plane.

Time and Space abridged in society.

6. As it makes enumeration possible, money introduces precision in acts.

Instrument of precise acts.

7. Money brings the past into the present and carries it to the future, thus expanding the dimension of Time for man.

Three-dimensional power.
Trikala instrument.

8. Similarly, money expands the sphere of human space of action.

That which expands life.

9. Money enabled several other institutions to rise and fortified several existing institutions such as monarchy.

Scaffold of institutions.
Mortar of organisation.
Reinforces all existences.

10. Money multiplies its value by its speed.

Self-multiplies its value.
Self-multiplies of its own value.

XVI. Theory of Social Development

1. Theory follows practice, does not precede it.

Essence of experience codified.
Knowledge of experience.
Practice first, theory next (knowledge next).
Body is the slowest learner.

2. A theory reveals human potential more clearly to the comprehension.

Practice teaches one thing; theory many more, (maybe all).
Practice is finite; theory infinite.
Practice is physical, theory is mental.
Theory is a revealer of potential.

3. Society reaching the stage of theorising would have saturated its practical experience.

Theory arises out of saturated experience.
Saturate the experience, before theorising.

4. Theory enables the development process to acquire more than double speed.

Practice more, theory flies.

5. Theory enables errors to be weeded out before practice reveals them.

Ever-present errors of practice.
Eliminated errors of theory.

6. Theoretical knowledge enables us to locate missing links.

Knowledge is a whole.
Practice is a part.
The whole reveals the holes of the part.

7. Theory explains the theory of obstacles and helps to remove them.

Obstacles too have their theory.
Theorise and be free.

8. Theory helps to discover a rare resource.

Theory enlightened the dark corners.
Theory creates resources.

9. The best strategies can be arrived at by theoretical knowledge.

Practice gives practical strategies.
Theory gives the best ones.

10. Theory helps to avoid pollution.

Polluting practice; pollution-free theory.

XVII. Strategy

1. Right strategy makes the impossible possible.

Opens fresh possibilities.
Link between possibility and impossibility.
Strategy is short cut.
Link between beginning and end.

2. Strategy is the method to reach the goal quicker and surer.

Mind in life.
The highest in the lowest plane.

3. Knowledge of the whole programme, and its theoretical explanation will help fashion the right strategy.

Experience and knowledge made into a method.

4. Strategies can be physical, vital or mental.

Strategy, development, theory are of the same type.

5. Strategy is a device to save time, money, material, space, and energy.

The wireless of planning.
It is the satellite in the process.

6. Strategies and systems are correlatives.

Correlations reduced to systems.
Systematised correlations.

7. Strategies sometimes enable us to accomplish even when an essential is missing.

Replaces the irreplaceable.

8. It can degenerate into a trick or ploy in a mean character.

Strategy above, trick below.

9. In extreme circumstances great strategies will assume the appearance of stupid folly.

Makes a fool of oneself.

10. Nature is the greatest of strategists.

Nature�the greatest strategist.

XVIII. Saving energy, time, money, material, effort

1. System save time.

Systems – time saver.

2. Organisation saves energy.

Organisation – energy saver.

3. Accounting saves money.

Accounts – money saver.

4. Planning saves effort.

Planning – effort saver.

5. Innovation saves material.

Innovation – material saver.

6. Time is best saved by the value of punctuality.

Punctuality – creator of Time.

7. Money can be saved in great measure by cost accounting.

Cost accounting – mint.

8. Orderliness and regularity save effort.

Orderliness and Regularity – effortless ease.

9. Evaluation of efficiency saves energy, time, money, material and effort.

Efficiency index – abridges ages into days.

10. Value in each area saves material in that area.

Value – that which makes anything valuable.

XIX. Energy, Force, Power, Results

1. Energy of an organisation issues from its motives.

Motive is energy.

2. Energy directed is Force.

Direct the energy into Force.

3. Force passing through an organisation is power.

Organise Force into Power.

4. Skills convert power into results.

Result creating skills.

5. Values give the needed direction.

Values are spiritual skills.

6. Organisation that converts force into power can be a material organisation like a machine or a social organisation or a set of systems.

Machines generate mechanical power.
Systems generate organisational power.
Organisations create social power.

7. Results are produced out of power by skills or capacity or talents.

Result producing skills.
Capacity produces greater results.
The greatest results issue out of talents.

8. At each stage there are values.

Omnipresent values.

9. Values can be physical, vital, mental or spiritual.

All-pervasive values.

10. A wider ORGANISATION covers the entire energy flow from energy to results.

Organisation is a converter of energy into results.

XX. Survival, growth, development and evolution

1. The rules of survival and growth are the same but work in the reverse.

Rules are the same in all levels.

2. Survival has two phases:

while the community grows, one may aim only at survival;
while the community disintegrates, the phenomenon of survival takes place
Survival in the ascent, survival in decay.

3. They can be termed as survival during periods of growth and survival during disintegration OR positive and negative survival.

4. Negative survival consumes several times greater energy than positive survival.

Positive survival, negative survival.

5. Intensity of energy per unit area of action as a co-efficient is the same for survival, growth and evolution though as an absolute quantity there is a phenomenal difference.

6. The same rule in different periods acts differently in its results or appearance though in essence the rule remains the same.

7. Opinions, attitudes, understandings, values, accomplishments vastly differ according to the period. A thorough study reveals the full scope of human nature.

8. The truism “Human intelligence has reached its peak when man was born” will be true not only for intelligence, but for all aspects of human capacity.

9. Satisfaction at any of these stages is full and appears of equal value.

10. Collective survival reveals the rules of social behaviour.

11. Individual survival reveals the aspects of human nature.

XXI. Range in accomplishment, enjoyment, efficiency, opportunity, response

1. A range rises between the maximum possibility and the minimum willingness to exert to achieve it.

Ensure the minimum, endeavour for the maximum.

2. The measure of accomplishment is determined by the measure of enjoyment.

Enjoyment is accomplishment.
Accomplishment is enjoyment.
No accomplishment without enjoyment.
No enjoyment without accomplishment.

3. Efficiency is determined by the level of organisation.

Organisation is efficiency.

4. Opportunity is the announcement of the atmosphere of its possibility.

Opportunity is the readiness of atmosphere.
Opportunity is the ripe atmosphere.
Atmosphere ripens into opportunity.

5. Atmosphere responds to the readiness of man.

Nothing responds like atmosphere.

6. Man responds to the inescapable demands made on him.

Man responds to pressure.
Atmosphere responds to ripe man.

7. There is no accomplishment without enjoyment.

Enjoy and accomplish.

8. There is no enjoyment without accomplishment.

Accomplish to enjoy.

9. Accomplishment that issues an extraneous enjoyment is of a lower order.

Accomplishment, as an exception, can be outside enjoyment.

10. That enjoyment which issues out of the accomplishment itself is real.

Real accomplishment goes with real enjoyment.

XXII. Internet

1. Internet is the first institution that did not pass through the prior stage of organisation.

Internet precedes organisation.

2. It combines information, communication and elimination of cost.

Information interests.

3. Born out of the combination of telecommunication and computer, it serves to educate people so that the individual’s opinion may have a greater say.

Information educates.
Information empowers.

4. Its impersonal character reflects the impersonality of the society that is leaderless.

Leaderless information.

5. It has the capacity to compel man to be rational based on facts, if not based on arguments or ideas.

Facts compel.

6. It can combine, in future, money and power – making no one enjoy the power of this institution.

Internet is a leveller.

7. Handling power and money, making both impersonal, the Internet can turn out to be the destroyer of human ego.

Internet – destroyer of ego.

8. Internet offers man the mental knowledge to decide his future.

Self-determining knowledge.

9. Till now, it does not seem to offer vital power.

Self-vitalising power (not yet available).

10. That vital power may await the abolition of national armies.

Abolish physicality, power will be self-vitalising.

XXIII. Population

1. Population is a problem for a poor nation.

Problem for poverty.

2. Population is a strength for an educated nation.

Strength for an informed people.

3. Population is a non-issue even as other material resources can become non-issues.

A non-issue (even as any resource is).

4. Evolutionarily, population exerts the pressure the society needs to change.

Population exerts evolutionary pressure.

5. Artificial control of the population is effective, but its psychological effects are not always desirable.

The effective, but undesirable control.

6. Even when absorbed into nation-building or personal career growth, the excess of energy does not seem to have desirable expression.

Excess always spills over.
Even growth cannot fully absorb the excess.

7. The most populous nations, in future becoming the most powerful nations is a possibility.

Population is power.

8. More than the numbers, the age groups into which population will emerge will be a problem.

Not the numbers, but the age groups.

9. As the rural population of 18th century became the urban population of the 20th century, the 21st century may be a century of senile population.

Migration into old age.

10. Population can become immaterial even as the size of territory became immaterial to democracies that do not initiate wars.

Size does not count, nor numbers.

XXIV. Infrastructure

1. Any activity has a structure supported by several infrastructures.

Action is structured.

2. Infrastructure has a way of becoming an activity sometimes.

Past becomes the whole.

3. It exists at the physical, vital, mental, psychological levels.

Structures are omnipresent.

4. An activity emerges using the infrastructure in the society.

Infrastructure makes activity possible. Indispensable infrastructure.

5. Infrastructures are created as demanded by an activity.

Activity creates structure.

6. Infrastructures have a way of being essential or inessential.

Essential inessential.

7. Infrastructures determine the efficiency of an activity.

Index of efficiency.

8. Infrastructures sometimes can, in their sum, be all the structures.

The whole can become the part.
The part can be the whole.

9. Activity, structure, infrastructure is the general composition of a field.

Parts and whole interchangeable.

10. Infrastructures suffer only functional definition and not theoretical precision.

Non-definable entity.

XXV. Multiplier Effect

1. Multiplier effect takes place when the pioneer is accepted as a leader.

Pioneer maturing into leader, it multiplies.
Leadership multiplies, not pioneering.

2. Its first requirement is the maturity of the community to benefit by the experience of the pioneer.

Maturity multiplies.

3. It takes place only in activities that are beneficial.

What multiplies is benefit (not fancy).

4. Another condition for that is it should be within the reach of the community.

Multiplying is within the context (not outside it.)

5. Those who want to unleash a multiplier effect can do so by making a set of conditions available.

Ensure the conditions, it multiplies.

6. One of them is the demonstration by the pioneer.

Pioneer demonstrates.
Demonstrating pioneer.

7. It is necessary that the pioneer is one of them.

Demonstration is to the peer by the peer.

8. Another is a scheme that finances the community’s initiative.

Two indispensables – communal initiative and finance.

9. A training programme to bridge the gap in skills is another.

Training bridges the gap.

10. For wider multiplier effect, it is best to withdraw these external supports after a time.

Remove scaffolding, it spreads faster.