World Summit of nobel peace laureates

Africa Emerges – 24-26 nov 2005

World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates – “Africa Emerges”
24 tot 26 November 2005

georganiseerd door de Gorbatsjov Foundation

Onze voorzitter Robert van Harten is door het Global Security Institute (GSI) uitgenodigd om de presentaties en discussies bij te wonen.


General program

Roma – Campidoglio – Eliseo Theater – 24-26 November 2005


7.30 pm
Auditorium Parco della Musica, Foyer Sinopoli e Sala Ospiti:
Inaugurazione della Mostra di Claus Miller “Signs for peace” e cocktail di benvenuto per i Nobel e gli altri ospiti d’onore partecipanti al Summit.

9.00 am
Campidoglio, Sala Giulio Cesare:
Presentation of the “Manforpeace Award 2005” to Bob Geldof
On behalf of the Nobel Peace Laureates attending the Summit, Mikhail Gorbachev and the Mayor Walter Veltroni present the reproduction statuette of the “ManforPeace” monument by Franco Scepi, to the winners.

9.20 am
The Nobel Laureates in attendance sign the Summit opening parchment

9.30 am
Sala della Protomoteca:
– Greeting by Walter Veltroni, Mayor of Rome
– Video message from Nelson Mandela
– Message from Kofi Annan, Secretary General, United Nations and Nobel Peace Laureate, presented by
Afsane Bassir-Pour, Director of UNRIC Office, Brussels
– Greeting by Agazio Loiero, president of the Calabria Region
– Mikhail Gorbachev, opening speech

10:30 a.m.
Homage to a great man
In memory of Sir Joseph Rotblat, Nobel Peace Laureate, deceased 31 August 2005

– Paolo Cotta Ramusino, Secretary General, Pugwash
– Sally Milne, representative of Pugwash Ofice, London, formerly Prof. Rotblat’s assistant
– Jonathan Granoff, President of Global Security Institute and IPB representative
Video contributions: Rotbalt on the Costanzo Show, Rotblat and Michael Douglas, Roblat interviewed by Klesidrateatro

10.50 am
Presentation of the “Special Man for Peace Award – Joseph Rotblat 2005” to Dawn Engle and Ivan Suvanjieff, founders of PeaceJam
On behalf of the Nobel Peace Laureates attending the Summit, Mikhail Gorbachev and the Mayor Walter Veltroni present the reproduction statuette of the “ManforPeace” monument by Franco Scepi, to the winners.

11:00 am
– Mikhail Gorbachev Overview of the international political situation
– Lech Walesa Nobel Peace Laureate, Former President of Poland
– Rigoberta Mench� Tum, Nobel Peace Laureate
– Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Nobel Peace Laureate

11.45 am
“Live 8: the long walk to justice”
Bob Geldof reports on the results and prospects of his project to fight poverty in Africa

12:00 am
From attenton to action: the Fight Against Tuberculosis
How to control TB: the STOP TB Partnership

Marcos Espinal, Executive Secretary, STOP TB Partnership Secretariat
Working to heal: The Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Partnership. A sustainable approach to saving lives”
Gino Santini, Senior Vice President of Corporate Strategy & Policy, Eli Lilly

12.30 am
“Africa Emergency” – First session
Which strategies to eliminate poverty
Discussion between representatives of African countries, Africanists and Nobel Peace Laureates

– Message from Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda
– Introduction by Jayantha Dhanapala, Honorary President of IPB, former Under-Secretary for Disarmament, UN

With speeches by:
– Pasquale De Muro, Lecturer in Economy of Development at the Universita degli Studi Roma Tre
– Betty Williams, Nobel Peace Laureate, President & Founder, World Centers of Compassion for Children International
– Assane Diop – Executive Director of the Social Protection Sector of ILO, Nobel Peace Prize Organization
– Mary Ellen McNish, Secretary General American Friends Service Committee

1:30 pm – 3:00 pm
Suspension of work
Lunch in Campidoglio, Sala dell’Arazzo, for the Nobel Laureates and other guests of honour

3:00 pm – 4.00 pm
Sala della Protomoteca:
“Africa Emergency” – continuation and conclusion of the work from the first session
– John Ime, Regional Vice President for Africa, IPPNW
– Annalisa Formiconi President of the Italian Campaign to Ban Landmines
– Edouard Mancini, IPB Italy “Urgency Africa”
– Pier Luigi Susani, past President Doctors Without Borders Italy
– Ron McCoy, IPPNW Co-President “Global Campaign toward a nuclear weapon convention”
– Mario Emmanuel Salvdor, President ASCA Japan, Tokyo

4:00 pm
Press conference: Children”s Peace Prize
KidsRights and The Gorbachev Foundation mark the institution of the International Children”s Peace Prize, which will be awarded yearly to a courageous child which has devoted itself to children”s rights. The prize will be dedicated this year to a very special child from Africa.
In the presence of the Nobel Peace Laureates.

4:30 pm
“Africa Emergency” – Second session
Ethics, Economic Development and culture of lawfulness
Carlo Alberto Pratesi, lecturer in Economics and Business Management, Universita degli Studi Roma Tre
With speeches by:
– Prof. Maria Vittoria Tessitore, Director of Master in Politics of Cultural Meeting and Mediation
– Alexander Likhotal, President of Green Cross International
– Andrea Radic, Director of External Relations Alcatel Italy “Sustainable development and culture for new business ethics”
– Charlotte Thouvard, Communications Management of Accor Group
– Sergio Baffoni, Forests campaigner, Greenpeace International “Legality, exploitation of natural resources and options for responsible development”
– Michele Candotti, Secretary General WWF Italy
Conclusions by
Robert F. Kennedy jr., President of Waterkeeper Alliance, writer and journalist

Luca Barbarossa presents initiatives promoted in favour of Africa by the Italian National Singers’ Football Team, Summit partners.

6:30 pm
Auditorium Parco della Musica – Sala Santa Cecilia:
“Routes to Peace” – The Council for religions meets the Nobel Laureates
For the first time, a lay institution is promoting a meeting between all religions. In the presence of three thousand people and the Nobel Peace Laureates, representatives of every faith will have the opportunity to express themselves freely through prayer, song, dance, reflection. All of the 17 religious organizations that make up the Council will take part in the event: The Italian Islamic Cultural Centre, The Catholic Church, “God’s Assembly in Italy” Evangelical Christian Churches, The Evangelical Baptist Churches of Rome, The Methodist Church, The Orthodox Church of Ethiopia, The Orthodox Church of Rumania, The Valdese Church, The Church of Christ Scientist, The Roman Hebrew Community, The Lutheran Community, The Salvation Army, Baha’I Faith, The Soka Gakkai Italian Buddhist Institute, Sikh, The Italian Buddhist Union, The Italian Hindu Union.
Welcome by Mikhail Gorbachev and Walter Veltroni
Introduction: Franca Coen, Councillor for Multiethnicity of the Comune di Roma
Followed by music, song and dances from the Christian, Islamic, Hebrew, Indian, Tibetan, Baha’i, Sikh and Japanese traditions.
Presented by: Antonello Dose
The event may be filmed by RAI television

9.30 am
Teatro Eliseo:
“Equal rights for a non-violent world”
Discussion with students of Universita degli Studi Roma Tre and of other universities
Greeting by Prof. Guido Fabiani, Chancellor of Universita degli Studi Roma Tre
Chaired by: Kerry Kennedy, President of Speak Truth to Power, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial

With speeches by:
– Frederik Willem De Klerk, former President of South Africa and Nobel Peace Laureate
– John Samuel, Chief Executive of the Mandela Foundation
– Mairead Corrigan Maguire, Nobel Peace Laureate, Co-founder and Honorary President od Peace People
– Adolfo Perez Esquivel, Nobel Peace Laureate, Co-founder and President of Servicio Paz y Justicia Serpaj Argentine
– Tony P. Hall, Ambassador, US representative at FAO, IFAD, WFP
– Kailash Satyarthi, Chairperson of SACCS, international coalition against child slavery
– Agazio Loiro, President of the Calabria Region
– Claudio Cordone, Senior Director Amnesty International

11:30 am
Discussion via satellite, promoted by the distance-learning university Uninettuno, between the Nobel Laureates and students of the universities of Cairo (Egypt), Amman, (Jordan), Rabat (Morocco)
Facilitator: Prof. Maria Amata Garito, President of Distance-learning University Eutelsat multichannel connection. Live Internet guaranteed by Fastweb. In collaboration with Alcatel.

11.30 am -12.00 am
Private room in the Teatro Eliseo:
Reserved meeting, in support of the Permanent Secretariat of the Nobel Peace Laureates, between a representation of Nobel Laureates, the Gorbachev Foundation and exponents of industry and international finance

12.00 noon
Press room of the Teatro Eliseo:
Press conference
From attention to action: the Fight Against Tuberculosis
With speeches by the Nobel Peace Laureates and authorities of the scientific world

1.00 pm – 3.00 pm
Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi, Casino dell’Aurora:
Lunch offered by Princess Pallavicini to the Nobel Laureates and other guests of honour attending the Summit

3.30 pm – 6.30 pm
Teatro Eliseo:
“Africa Emergency” – Third session
“Italy for Rwanda. Memory, responsibility, justice, future: a discussion of the genocide of 1994”
Chaired by Mikhail Gorbachev and Walter Veltroni
Facilitator: Corrado Augias, journalist and writer
With speeches by:

Death did not want me
– Yolande Mukagasana, survivor, authoress of the play Rwanda 94 and of memories of the tragedy in Rwanda
The wounds of Silence
– Fran�oise Sironi, psychotherapist. Founder of the Centro Primo Levi, caring for victims of torture and collective violence, Paris
Rwanda 94. The theatre as memory
– Antonio Calbi, artistic director of the Teatro Eliseo, editor of the Italy for Rwanda 1994-2004 project

“Responsibility and justice”
Local justice, international justice
– Giovanni Maria Flick, Judge of the Constitutional Court
The international tribunal of Arusha
– Carla Del Ponte, formerly Attorney of the International Criminal Court for Rwanda
Hutu-Tutsi: at the roots of the Rwandan genocide
– Michela Fusaschi, lecturer in Cultural Anthropology at the Universita degli studi Roma Tre

Reconciliation: South Africa, Rwanda
– Frederik Willem De Klerk, former President of the Republic of South Africa, Nobel Peace Laureate
– John Samuel, Executive Director of the Mandela Foundation
Economic development of Africa and global solidarity
– Alberto Quadrio Curzio, economist, Dean of the Faculty of Political Science at the Universita Cattolica di Milano, national member of the Accademia dei Lincei
The role of Rwanda in the Africa of the Great Lakes
– Joshua Massarenti, Africanist, journalist with Vita non profit magazine
Rwanda 1994-2005: memory and future so that we continue not to forget
– Rosa Rinaldi, Vice-president of the Provincial Administration of Rome

During stages of the session in which Laureates and representatives of Nobel Peace Prize-winning Organizations are not giving speeches, they will have the use of a reserved room to discuss and refine the final statement.

9.00 pm
Rwanda 94 – The duty of memory, Hope in the future – The Night of Kids Rights
Charity evening-event. The box office proceeds will go to reconstruction in Rwanda and to support widows and orphans of the Genocide of 1994 with Claudia Cardinale, Yolande Mugakasana, Leo Gullotta, Giuliana Lojodice, Anna Marchesini, Stefano Santospago, l’ensemble of Rwandan musicians, singers and dancers Inganzo (Sources de la Culture)
Presented by Jean Marie Muyango

09.00 am – 11.00 am
Teatro Eliseo:
Session reserved for the Nobel Peace Prize Laureates to discuss and refine the Final Statement

11.00 am
“Africa Emergency” – Concluding plenary session

Introduced by Danilo Raveggi, IPB, Italy

12.30 pm
Press conference

Presentation of the Final Statement

At the end, lunch back at the Hotels followed by the departure of the guests for the airport, with transfers arranged by the Summit organisers

List of partecipants

1. Mikhail Gorbachev
2. Betty Williams
3. Mairead Corrigan Maguire
4. Adolfo Perez Esquivel
5. Rigoberta Menchu Tum
6. Lech Walesa
7. Frederik Willem De Klerk
8. John Samuel, Executive Director of the Mandela Foundation, on behalf of Nelson Mandela
9. Unicef
Antonio Sclavi, President of Unicef Italy
10. Pugwash Conferences
Paolo Cotta Ramusino, Secretary General
Ms. Sally Milne, Representative of London Pugwash Office
11. I.P.P.N.W.
Ron McCoy, Co-President
John Ime, Vice-President for Africa Region
Alex Rosen, Medical Student Representative on the IPPNW board
12. I.P.B.
Jayantha Dhanapala, IPB’s Honorary President and former UN Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament
Jonathan Granoff, President of the Global Security Institute, IPB member
13. American Friends Service Committee
Paul Lacey, President
Ms. Mary Ellen McNish, Secretary General
14. Medecins Sans Frontieres
Pier Luigi Susani, Past President MSF Italia
15. Amnesty International
Claudio Cordone, Senior Director
16. U.N.H.C.R.
Walter Irvine, UNHCR Representative in Italy
17. I.L.O. – International Labour Organization
Assane Diop, Executive Director of the Social Protection Sector
Claudio Lenoci, Director of the ILO office for Italy and San Marino Republic
18. I.C.B.L.- International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Ms. Annalisa Formiconi, President of the Italian Campaign to Ban Landmines
19. United Nations
Ms. Afsane Bassir-Pour, Director of the UNRIC Office in Bruxelles
Guests of Honor

1. Claudia Cardinale
2. Carla Del Ponte
Chief UN War Crimes Prosecutor
3. Dawn Engle
Co-founder of PeaceJam, winner of the “Special Man for Peace Award-Joseph Rotblat” 2005
4. Bob Geldof
Singer, organizer of Live 8, winner of the “Man for Peace Award” 2005
5. Tony P. Hall
Ambassador, US representative at FAO, IFAD, WFP
6. Kerry Kennedy
President of Speak Truth to Power, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial
7. Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
President of Waterkeeper Alliance, writer and journalist
8. Rita Levi Montalcini
Nobel Laureate for Medicine
9. Yolande Mukagasana
Actress, authoress of the play Rwanda 94, survivor of the tragedy in Rwanda
10. Kailash Satyarthi
Chairperson of SACCS, international coalition against child slaveryof the tragedy in Rwanda
11. Ivan Suvanjieff
Co-founder of PeaceJam, winner of the “Special Man for Peace Award-Joseph Rotblat” 2005

Concluding document

6th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates

Roma – Campidoglio – Eliseo Theater – 24-26 November 2005

As. Nobel Peace Laureates and Nobel Peace Laureate organizations we have gathered in Rome, Italy these past three days and deliberated on global issues with a particular concern regarding Africa.

Our rapidly changing complex and contradictory world presents several features that must be recognized if we are to build more effective governance for a better world order:

  • Globalization is accelerating and despite recognized interdependencies billions of people
    remain excluded from its benefits.
  • New giants, such as China, India and Brazil are emerging and no solution to world challenges
    can be achieved without their full participation.
  • Democratic transitions in many countries have had a positive impact on social and political
    processes but democracy cannot find stability without overcoming poverty and full implementation
    of human rights.
  • There remains a pressing need to advance a deeper and fuller appreciation for the richness
    and complexity of the Islamic world. Failure to achieve this could have explosive
  • Despite growing recognition of our collective responsibility for sustainable development, the
    environment, and security, governmental institutions are not responding adequately to the
    voice of the people.
  • Ethnic, religious and nationalistic prejudices stimulate violence, undermining our ability to live
    in peace in a diversified world. We know such conflicts can be resolved through nonviolent

We recognize that in an interconnected world every individual can make a difference. For that reason we have honored Bob Geldof with the Man for Peace Award for his service to Africa and humanity in mobilizing public attention and causing the G-8 to take steps to help Africa. For that reason we have honored the memory of a great human being, Prof. Joseph Rotblat, and presented the Special Man for Peace Award to PeaceJam and its founders Dawn Engle and Ivan Suvanjieff for their service in finding ways to teach and inspire youth to advance peace. We welcome the launch of Childrens Peace Prize during our summit.

We condemn the use of and the rationales for torture as an instrument of policy by any group or nation. Torture cannot be justified under any circumstance. It dehumanizes both its victims and its perpetrators.

This year we focused on Africa because its extreme poverty is morally unacceptable and undermines the foundations of life and human dignity. Additionally, we know the means to reverse this situation are available.

Achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), which have the consensus of the nations of the world, are an indispensable promise to the poor of the world, especially Africa. We are deeply concerned that the MDG goals are not being sufficiently met and were inadequately addressed at the Summit of Heads of State at the United Nations in September of 2005. They provide a framework for progress and a way toward decent work, and full employment opportunity, for all of Africa the best way out of poverty as stated by the African Heads of State at their extraordinary summit in Ouagadougou in September, 2004. Encouraging small businesses through micro- credit and stimulating investment are but two examples of what needs to be done.

Many African nations are making good faith efforts to advance democracy, improve governance, accountability and gender equity. The world now must fulfill its promises to all the people of Africa. There is an urgent need to end gross human rights violations and assure accountability for all abuses. We abhor child labor. Effective and fair justice systems are essential to ensure stability and economic development.

The G-8 commitments in Gleneagles are a first step. The upcoming WTO negotiations in Hong Kong will be a test of whether these commitments are honored. In this regard, in addition to debt cancellation, we call for increased aid flows, and prompt reform of inequitable policies and practices, especially agricultural subsidies that damage Africa and the entire developing world. We urge the European Union immediately to break the current deadlock on agricultural trade negotiations.

We personally and through our respective institutions commit to scrutinize and hold to account the full commitments of the G-8 at Gleneagles on Africa and we shall remain fully engaged with this critical matter.

As Nobel Peace Laureates we request President Gorbachev and Mayor Veltroni of Rome to convey to President Putin, as next years G-8 chairman, our request to place on the agenda of the G-8 Summit in Moscow next year the creation of an accounting and monitoring system to ensure fulfillment of all Gleneagles commitments. At the same time we call upon Africa to continue making progress on the New Economic Partnership for African Development.

Focusing on meeting human needs and having a reverence for life are the foundation of human security. Excessive military expenditures actually breeds insecurity. Two areas where funds need to be channeled by both African nations themselves and the international community are education and health, particularly regarding the scourges of AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis through both protection and prevention.

While expressing regret that some African nations spend too much on conventional weapons, we commend the entire African continent for becoming a nuclear weapons free zone. It is absurd that the nations with nuclear weapons refuse even to pledge not to use nuclear weapons against all nuclear weapons free nations.

As in past years, we reiterate our insistence that the existence of nuclear weapons is morally unacceptable and condemn military doctrines allowing their use. We demand progress by the nuclear weapons states in fulfilling their disarmament obligations under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. The corrosion of the nonproliferation regime is a danger to world peace.

We call for full compliance with and universal ratification of the Ottawa Convention Banning Anti-Personnel Landmines.

We salute Mohammed El Baradei and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the recipients of the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize. We emphasize that IAEA strengthened safeguards and inspections are the best solution to concerns regarding proliferation.
We reaffirm our strong belief that there is no alternative to sustainable development. Development is more than just material wealth. Development means being more, not just having more. Being more just, compassionate, and humane is to become fully human. In this regard the nations with material wealth need development as much as the poor. To improve global governance and to engage civil society in developing its full capacities, we propose to start work on drafting a new global social contract and will be inviting wide participation in this process.

We commit to creating a Permanent Secretariat in Italy to amplify our efforts to advance world peace.

A Call for Freedom

We note with deep concern that we have once more been deprived of the presence and wisdom of our colleague Aung San Suu Kyi. A witness for non-violence and democracy should not be silenced. This is a loss for the whole world.

We call upon the government of Myanmar to restore the civil, human and political rights, of Aung San Suu Kyi and her followers, fully, immediately and without reservation. Justice demands this.

We support the International Labor Organizations call for full recognition of trade union rights in Myanmar. We call upon the ASEAN governments and businesses to intensify efforts to obtain full human rights for the people of Myanmar.

We ask all persons of good will to work with us in all these endeavors.

– Rome. November 26th 2005

Summit Participants Included:

Mikhael Gorbachev, Lech Walesa, Frederik Willem De Klerk, Betty Williams, Mairead Corrigan Maguire, Rigoberta Menchu Tum, Adolfo Perez Esquivel, American Friends Service Committee, Amnesty International, Doctors Without Borders, International Campaign to Ban Landmines, International Labour Organization, International Peace Bureau, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, United Nations, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNICEF